Over the past decade, cyberspace has come to be known as the “fifth domain” of warfare — after land, sea, air, and space. Recent events have shown the extent of its militarization with the malicious use of cyberweapons like the Russian cyber-attack on the KA-SAT telecommunications satellite in the wake of its war against Ukraine. Although norms and binding rules for this domain are still lacking, arms control should take the lead in developing approaches to contain the threat of cyber-attacks, prevent their potentially catastrophic effects on critical infrastructure, and reduce cyber-weapons stockpiles. On the other hand, cyberspace as a global network and the immense amount of information contained within it are important resources for arms control and the tracking of weapons proliferation.

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